Cash in Conflict

Cash is used by people to pay for goods and services all around the world. This fact does not change in situations of armed conflict, when having cash in their hands can be mean the difference between life and death.
Cash and Voucher Assistance (CVA) has several significant benefits that are well known, including increasing people’s dignity, power, autonomy and choice in how they manage their survival and recovery. CVA can also offer greater operational flexibility and achieve wider social and economic multiplier effects beyond its specific purpose. 

© Revol Didier / ICRC

The ICRC – who have 16,800 staff in over 80 countries, helping people affected by armed conflict and violence – is enthusiastic about the benefits of CVA and realistic about when it is best to use it. Our experience and evidence shows that cash is an essential tool in humanitarian action in armed conflict, and our own operational analysis confirms many of the positive findings from other policy and academic studies.

This section of the Cash Hub aims to share the experience of the ICRC and of those Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies working in countries affected by conflict and other situations of violence.

Read the latest report on “Cash Transfer Programming in Armed Conflict: The ICRC’s Experience“, to find out about the ICRC’s experience of using CVA in armed conflict.

Search results

31 August 2021

Strengthening locally led humanitarian action through cash preparedness

Type:

Research

Organisation:

Cash Hub

This research looks at links between CVA and localisation, to understand how CVA can help to further localisation and strengthen locally led humanitarian action, focusing on these questions: 1) How can CVA help to strengthen National Societies’ voice and influence?; 2) Does building CVA capacity help to further the localisation agenda and, if so, how does it do so?; 3) What lessons can be learnt from National Societies and their CVA responses?

  • Cash and localisation
  • Cash in conflict
  • Cash in emergencies

27 April 2021

“Doing no harm” in the digital age: What the digitalisation of cash means for humanitarian action

Type:

Article

Organisation:

ICRC

This article explores how cash transfers have changed the way the humanitarian sector delivers assistance. The digitalisation of cash means that the simple click of a button can put money in the hands of hundreds of thousands, if not millions, of people within minutes. As humanitarians, we need to articulate what “do no harm” means in the digital age, applying this equally to the way we use digital payments to support people affected by armed conflicts and other situations of violence.

  • Cash in conflict
  • Cash technology

8 February 2021

Guidance for Mainstreaming Cash and Voucher Assistance Cash Preparedness for Effective Response – Chapter 2: ICRC CVA Preparedness Guidance

Type:

Tool

Organisation:

RCRCM

This ICRC-specific guidance follows the same structure as the CVAP guidance for NSs (for the latter see Chapter 1), with each section providing an overview of one of the five key Areas of CVAP, adapted for use at ICRC delegation level.

  • Africa
  • America
  • Asia-Pacific

8 February 2021

Guidance for Mainstreaming Cash and Voucher Assistance Cash Preparedness for Effective Response – Chapter 1: CVAP Areas

Type:

Tool

Organisation:

RCRCM

This guidance is intended for NSs at the country level, but can also be used by other components of the Movement. The document includes suggestions on what actions or domains are required under each of the five key CVAP Areas. A separate chapter has been written with adaptations for ICRC delegations investing in CVAP (see "Chapter 2 – ICRC CVAP Guidance").

  • Africa
  • America
  • Asia-Pacific

16 December 2020

Analyse de marché pour orienter les interventions EcoSec dans la Région du Nord – Burkina Faso, Programme EcoSec

Type:

Tool

Organisation:

ICRC

French version of a market analysis study, to address EcoSec interventions in the Northern region of Burkina Faso.

  • Africa
  • Cash and markets
  • Cash in conflict

16 December 2020

Analysis of the small-scale fisheries market system in Aden: rich fisheries, poor fishing communities, Yemen – Economic Security Programme

Type:

Tool

Organisation:

ICRC

This document reports on main findings related to the small-scale fisheries market analysis in Aden, and gives strategic recommendations to the ICRC delegation in Yemen.

  • Cash and markets
  • Cash in conflict
  • Middle-East / North Africa

In partnership with:

British Red Cross