CVA in Sectors
This section covers resources from the Health, WASH, Shelter, FSL (Food, Security and Livelihoods) Markets sectors. Explore this page for resources linked to latest evidence, learning and technical aspects of the use of CVA as a tool for technical programming in the Movement.
CVA for Health
Health expenditures can differ greatly between households as these are based on risk rather than on average need. For this reason, ensuring access to health care services for people affected by crisis poses specific challenges to humanitarian organisations. Cash and voucher assistance is a complementary tool to traditional supply-side public health programming. In line with commitments made at The Grand Bargain to increase the use and coordination of CVA, the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is committed to establish, coordinate and develop CVA for health interventions.
Scroll down to explore this page for resources linked to latest evidence, learning and technical aspects of the use of CVA as a tool for health programming in the Movement.
WASH – Water, Sanitation and Hygiene
Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) activities are key to ensure people have access to their basic needs during and after a disaster.
Cash assistance can be used to restore access to Water and Sanitation and restore Hygiene practices of communities. For example, cash assistance can be provided to incentivise the building of latrines or other essential sanitation services, to purchase hygiene products, or to pay for water utilities. Below you can find out more about the work of the Red Cross Red Crescent Movement in this field, accessing different resources related to cash and wash.
The Cash and Wash Technical Working Group of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, has created a site dedicated to this topic which can be accessed clicking here. Watch the video below (8mins) to see the TWG’s 2022 achievements, or read the full report.
For practitioners interested in the use of cash and voucher assistance to support WASH outcomes, some essential resources can be found on the Global WASH Cluster (GWC) website.
The IFRC Watsan Mission Assistant shares a range of resources related to WASH, which can be accessed clicking here. The Watsan Mission Assistant page dedicated to cash is under development and can be found here.
The International Red Cross Red Crescent Movement has a long history of using Cash and Voucher Assistance (CVA) to support people affected by crisis to meet their shelter and settlement needs. Examples include vouchers to support people to access hostels in a migration crisis, cash as part of an owner-driven shelter reconstruction programme, and cash for winterisation support to allow people to access insulation materials. Below you can find out more about the work of the Red Cross Red Crescent Movement in this field, accessing different resources related to cash and shelter.
Rental Assistance is a shelter programming option particularly suited to urban contexts. IFRC has recently been developing resources on this and they can be accessed on this dedicated page
FSL – Food, Securities and Livelihoods
Livelihoods encompass the capabilities, assets and activities required to make a living. Ensuring that vulnerable households have sustainable livelihoods increases their access to a stable income, as well as their dignity, resilience, and ability to be active in society. Livelihoods support helps people affected by crisis to build more sustainable means of living, develop skills and gain greater access to opportunities.
Cash assistance can be an effective way to protect, restore, or enhance livelihoods which enable people to become self-sufficient and improve wellbeing for current and future generations.
Learn about the work of the Red Cross Red Crescent Movement in this field by accessing different resources related to cash and livelihoods below.
For more information on livelihoods, visit the Livelihoods Centre, hosted by the Spanish Red Cross and IFRC.
Markets are analysed as part of cash feasibility, a step related to the broader analysis of the different response options, needed to inform which type of assistance should be provided to meet the needs of those affected by crisis (cash, vouchers, goods, services or a combination of these). Market analysis will also ensure we follow the principle of do no harm in our responses. Shipping food and non-food items from abroad can severely disrupt the local market and put traders out of business so where goods are available on the local market with sufficient quality and quantity, CVA can allow people to purchase these directly and without delay.
A thorough understanding of market actors and dynamics is also essential to the monitoring and evaluation phase of any activities implemented, be them in kind or through CVA.
Learn more about Cash and Markets below and/or attending a practical “Market Assessment and Analysis Training” (MAAT), to build the skills of all staff and volunteers involved in Market Analysis.
16 March 2023
Minimum Expenditure Basket Methodology and Analysis for Türkiye Earthquake Emergency
Organization:IFRC, Turkish Red Crescent (Türk Kızılay), WFP
This report, compiled by Turkish Red Crescent (TRC) and International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent (IFRC) alongside WFP, presents a Minimum Expenditure Basket (MEB), calculating monthly cost to suggest guidance for programs providing cash assistance to the affected population when determining transfer value.
2 March 2023
Kahramanmaraş Earthquake: Rapid Market Assessment
Organization:IFRC, Turkish Red Crescent, Turkish Red Crescent (Türk Kızılay)
This rapid assessment aims understand the current market conditions after the February 2023 Kahramanmaraş Earthquake, identifies the most critical needs, and assesses the potential impact of the crisis on supply and demand.
5 January 2023
Stories of Change: Cash stories from The Philippines
Organization:Philippine Red Cross
Stories of Change: Cash stories from the Philippines Cash Working Group (PCWG) provides insight into the Cash Transfer Programming (CTP) of the Philippines Red Cross Society, particularly as a modality of assistance for disasters and emergencies.
14 November 2022
Stories of Change: Cash Case Stories from The Philippines
Organization:PCWG, Philippine Red Cross, WFP
Stories of Change: Cash stories from the Philippines Cash Working Group (PCWG) provides insight into the Cash Transfer Programming (CTP) of various humanitarian organisations, including Philippines RC, particularly as a modality of assistance for disasters and emergencies.
14 November 2022
Potential effects of high inflation in the Americas region
This report examines the effects of inflation in the Americas region, including the programmatic risks identified and offers technical recommendations
13 October 2022
Case study: Cash and Voucher Assistance (CVA) and livelihoods during COVID 19 pandemic in The Gambia
Organization:Livelihoods Centre, Spanish Red Cross, The Gambia Red Cross
This case study from The Gambia Red Cross Society (GRCS), in close collaboration with Spanish Red Cross (SpRC), provides insight on the implementation of CVA activities in The Gambia to address the impact of the pandemic on livelihoods. Considering women are more likely to be hardest hit economically by Covid-19 since they are usually more engaged in low-paid, insecure jobs and the informal economy, a gender lens has been applied in the concrete design and implementation of this programme.
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