CVA in Sectors

This section covers resources from the Health, WASH, Shelter, FSL (Food, Security and Livelihoods) Markets sectors. Explore this page for resources linked to latest evidence, learning and technical aspects of the use of CVA as a tool for technical programming in the Movement.

CVA for Health

Health expenditures can differ greatly between households as these are based on risk rather than on average need. For this reason, ensuring access to health care services for people affected by crisis poses specific challenges to humanitarian organisations.  Cash and voucher assistance is a complementary tool to traditional supply-side public health programming. In line with commitments made at The Grand Bargain to increase the use and coordination of CVA, the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is committed to establish, coordinate and develop CVA for health interventions.

© Norcross, Cox Bazaar ERU field hospital

Scroll down to explore this page for resources linked to latest evidence, learning and technical aspects of the use of CVA as a tool for health programming in the Movement.

WASH – Water, Sanitation and Hygiene

Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) activities are key to ensure people have access to their basic needs during and after a disaster.

Cash assistance can be used to restore access to Water and Sanitation and restore Hygiene practices of communities. For example, cash assistance can be provided to incentivise the building of latrines or other essential sanitation services, to purchase hygiene products, or to pay for water utilities. Below you can find out more about the work of the Red Cross Red Crescent Movement in this field, accessing different resources related to cash and wash.

© Corinne Ambler/IFRC

The Cash and Wash Technical Working Group of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, has created a site dedicated to this topic which can be accessed clicking here. Watch the video below (8mins) to see the TWG’s 2022 achievements, or read the full report.

For practitioners interested in the use of cash and voucher assistance to support WASH outcomes, some essential resources can be found on the Global WASH Cluster (GWC) website.

The IFRC Watsan Mission Assistant shares a range of resources related to WASH, which can be accessed clicking here. The Watsan Mission Assistant page dedicated to cash is under development and can be found here.


The International Red Cross Red Crescent Movement has a long history of using Cash and Voucher Assistance (CVA) to support people affected by crisis to meet their shelter and settlement needs. Examples include vouchers to support people to access hostels in a migration crisis, cash as part of an owner-driven shelter reconstruction programme, and cash for winterisation support to allow people to access insulation materials. Below you can find out more about the work of the Red Cross Red Crescent Movement in this field, accessing different resources related to cash and shelter.

© Alanah Torralba/ IFRC

Rental Assistance is a shelter programming option particularly suited to urban contexts. IFRC has recently been developing resources on this and they can be accessed on this dedicated page

FSL – Food, Securities and Livelihoods

Livelihoods encompass the capabilities, assets and activities required to make a living. Ensuring that vulnerable households have sustainable livelihoods increases their access to a stable income, as well as their dignity, resilience, and ability to be active in society. Livelihoods support helps people affected by crisis to build more sustainable means of living, develop skills and gain greater access to opportunities.

Cash assistance can be an effective way to protect, restore, or enhance livelihoods which enable people to become self-sufficient and improve wellbeing for current and future generations.

© Nepal Red Cross Society

Learn about the work of the Red Cross Red Crescent Movement in this field by accessing different resources related to cash and livelihoods below.

For more information on livelihoods, visit the IFRC Livelihoods Centre, hosted by the Spanish Red Cross


Markets are analysed as part of cash feasibility, a step related to the broader analysis of the different response options, needed to inform which type of assistance should be provided to meet the needs of those affected by crisis (cash, vouchers, goods, services or a combination of these).  Market analysis will also ensure we follow the principle of do no harm in our responses.  Shipping food and non-food items from abroad can severely disrupt the local market and put traders out of business so where goods are available on the local market with sufficient quality and quantity, CVA can allow people to purchase these directly and without delay.  

Cash and Markets

© IFRC/Moustapha Diallo

A thorough understanding of market actors and dynamics is also essential to the monitoring and evaluation phase of any activities implemented, be them in kind or through CVA. 

Learn more about Cash and Markets  below and/or attending a practical “Market Assessment and Analysis Training” (MAAT), to build the skills of all staff and volunteers involved in Market Analysis.

17 August 2023

Cash transfer programme (CTP) in an urban WASH programme


Case study


Cash Hub, IFRC

This case study provides an overview of the intervention in the construction of latrines for low-income communities living in urban slums (proactive crisis) and the use of both cash and…

  • Asia-Pacific
  • Cash and WASH

27 March 2023

Actions in Livelihoods: Technical training and conditional cash transfers




Livelihoods Centre

The Actions in Livelihoods guidance provides key information on interventions for recovery, strengthening, diversification and protection of livelihoods in different contexts. This chapter focuses on cash transfers in the context…

  • Asia-Pacific
  • Cash and livelihoods

16 March 2023

Minimum Expenditure Basket Methodology and Analysis for Türkiye Earthquake Emergency




IFRC, Turkish Red Crescent (Türk Kızılay), WFP

This report, compiled by Turkish Red Crescent (TRC) and International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent (IFRC) alongside WFP, presents a Minimum Expenditure Basket (MEB), calculating monthly cost to…

  • Cash and markets
  • Cash in emergencies
  • Shock-responsive programming – Cash in Turkey

2 March 2023

Kahramanmaraş Earthquake: Rapid Market Assessment




IFRC, Turkish Red Crescent, Turkish Red Crescent (Türk Kızılay)

This rapid assessment aims understand the current market conditions after the February 2023 Kahramanmaraş Earthquake, identifies the most critical needs, and assesses the potential impact of the crisis on supply…

  • Cash and markets
  • Shock-responsive programming – Cash in Turkey

5 January 2023

Stories of Change: Cash stories from The Philippines


Case study


Philippine Red Cross

Stories of Change: Cash stories from the Philippines Cash Working Group (PCWG) provides insight into the Cash Transfer Programming (CTP) of the Philippines Red Cross Society, particularly as a modality…

  • Cash and COVID-19
  • Cash and livelihoods
  • Cash and shelter

27 December 2022

A community-led livelihoods approach in flood-prone areas of Bangladesh during COVID19 pandemic


Case study


Bangladesh Red Crescent, IFRC

This case study examines how livelihood support provided by BDRCS and IFRC during COVID19 pandemic has strengthened the target families’ income-generating activities. The families acknowledged that the whole process had…

  • Asia-Pacific
  • Cash and livelihoods

In partnership with:

British Red Cross