CVA in Sectors
This section covers resources from the Health, WASH, Shelter, FSL (Food, Security and Livelihoods) Markets sectors. Explore this page for resources linked to latest evidence, learning and technical aspects of the use of CVA as a tool for technical programming in the Movement.
CVA for Health
Health expenditures can differ greatly between households as these are based on risk rather than on average need. For this reason, ensuring access to health care services for people affected by crisis poses specific challenges to humanitarian organisations. Cash and voucher assistance is a complementary tool to traditional supply-side public health programming. In line with commitments made at The Grand Bargain to increase the use and coordination of CVA, the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is committed to establish, coordinate and develop CVA for health interventions.
Scroll down to explore this page for resources linked to latest evidence, learning and technical aspects of the use of CVA as a tool for health programming in the Movement.
WASH – Water, Sanitation and Hygiene
Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) activities are key to ensure people have access to their basic needs during and after a disaster.
Cash assistance can be used to restore access to Water and Sanitation and restore Hygiene practices of communities. For example, cash assistance can be provided to incentivise the building of latrines or other essential sanitation services, to purchase hygiene products, or to pay for water utilities. Below you can find out more about the work of the Red Cross Red Crescent Movement in this field, accessing different resources related to cash and wash.
The Cash and Wash Technical Working Group of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, has created a site dedicated to this topic which can be accessed clicking here. Watch the video below (8mins) to see the TWG’s 2022 achievements, or read the full report.
For practitioners interested in the use of cash and voucher assistance to support WASH outcomes, some essential resources can be found on the Global WASH Cluster (GWC) website.
The IFRC Watsan Mission Assistant shares a range of resources related to WASH, which can be accessed clicking here. The Watsan Mission Assistant page dedicated to cash is under development and can be found here.
The International Red Cross Red Crescent Movement has a long history of using Cash and Voucher Assistance (CVA) to support people affected by crisis to meet their shelter and settlement needs. Examples include vouchers to support people to access hostels in a migration crisis, cash as part of an owner-driven shelter reconstruction programme, and cash for winterisation support to allow people to access insulation materials. Below you can find out more about the work of the Red Cross Red Crescent Movement in this field, accessing different resources related to cash and shelter.
Rental Assistance is a shelter programming option particularly suited to urban contexts. IFRC has recently been developing resources on this and they can be accessed on this dedicated page
FSL – Food, Securities and Livelihoods
Livelihoods encompass the capabilities, assets and activities required to make a living. Ensuring that vulnerable households have sustainable livelihoods increases their access to a stable income, as well as their dignity, resilience, and ability to be active in society. Livelihoods support helps people affected by crisis to build more sustainable means of living, develop skills and gain greater access to opportunities.
Cash assistance can be an effective way to protect, restore, or enhance livelihoods which enable people to become self-sufficient and improve wellbeing for current and future generations.
Learn about the work of the Red Cross Red Crescent Movement in this field by accessing different resources related to cash and livelihoods below.
For more information on livelihoods, visit the Livelihoods Centre, hosted by the Spanish Red Cross and IFRC.
Markets are analysed as part of cash feasibility, a step related to the broader analysis of the different response options, needed to inform which type of assistance should be provided to meet the needs of those affected by crisis (cash, vouchers, goods, services or a combination of these). Market analysis will also ensure we follow the principle of do no harm in our responses. Shipping food and non-food items from abroad can severely disrupt the local market and put traders out of business so where goods are available on the local market with sufficient quality and quantity, CVA can allow people to purchase these directly and without delay.
A thorough understanding of market actors and dynamics is also essential to the monitoring and evaluation phase of any activities implemented, be them in kind or through CVA.
Learn more about Cash and Markets below and/or attending a practical “Market Assessment and Analysis Training” (MAAT), to build the skills of all staff and volunteers involved in Market Analysis.
10 March 2022
Cash for Health Webinar 10 March 2022 – Slides
Organization:RCRCM CVA for Health TWG
Slides for the The Red Cross Red Crescent Movement Cash and Voucher Assistance for Health Technical Working Group Webinar on the 10 March 2022. The one hour Webinar presented the role that CVA can play in RCRC operations to achieve Health Outcomes and presented the position paper on this subject. A recent practical example from the Cash for Health in Emergencies project by Kenya Red Cross society was also presented. This project used CVA to promote maternal health, including access to ante-natal care, and child health, focusing on nutrition. Finally the use of CVA in the Health Emergency Response Units (ERUs) was discussed.
10 March 2022
Cash for Health Webinar 10 March 2022 – Recording
Organization:RCRCM CVA for Health TWG
The Red Cross Red Crescent Movement Cash and Voucher Assistance for Health Technical Working Group hosted a Webinar on the 10 March 2022. The one hour Webinar presented the role that CVA can play in RCRC operations to achieve Health Outcomes and presented the position paper on this subject. A recent practical example from the Cash for Health in Emergencies project by Kenya Red Cross society was also presented This project used CVA to promote maternal health, including access to ante-natal care, and child health, focusing on nutrition. The use of CVA in the Health Emergency Response Units (ERUs) was also discussed.
4 March 2022
Video (2min) – Cash for Health in Emergency Taita Taveta, Kenya
Organization:Kenya Red Cross, Kenya Red Cross Society, KRCS
This video briefly shows some of the work Kenya Red Cross Society did to support vulnerable pregnant women, lactating mothers and adolescent girls with children under five years to access health services and overcome financial barriers exacerbated by COVID-19 measures, with cash transfers.
24 January 2022
Guidelines on Cash Transfers and Livelihoods – learning workshop in Guatemala City (Nov 2015)
Organization:CaLP, Livelihoods Centre
This documents shares lessons learned on the context in Central America, makes references to practical examples, and highlights details of cash transfer programmes for livelihoods. It also refers to various key documents on cash transfers and livelihoods.
26 October 2021
Cash for Health in Emergency – End of Phase II Project Report
Organization:Kenya Red Cross Society
This report provides an update on a cash for health project implemented between April – July 2021 by the Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS) to support vulnerable pregnant women, lactating mothers and adolescent girls with children under five years to access health services and overcome financial barriers acerbated by COVID-19 measures, with conditional and unrestricted cash transfers.
25 May 2021
Video on the Household Economic Security (HES)
This short video gives and overview of how HES findings are a useful tool for selecting and identifying vulnerable groups for inclusion into a variety of programmes, based on their food and income sources and capacity to withstand livelihood related contextual risks.
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